Transmittance and Absorption calculations do not include
a source. This feature is only allowed on Radiance Plots.
Plot Line Intensities
Log Scale (Absorption or Radiance plots only)
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 and above
Netscape 6.2 and above
Konqueror 3.0 and above
Safari 2.0 and above
Opera 8.5 and above
Firefox 1.5 and above
Other browsers may work but are not fully tested or supported.
Wavenumber cm-1: the number of wavelengths of light per centimeter
LINEPAK: The GATS spectral radiance and transmission software library. Performs detailed and accurate line-by-line modeling of molecular
absorption. Efficient and flexible, LINEPAK is at the heart of analysis systems for many major atmospheric remote sensing missions, including HALOE, SABER, LIMS, SOFIE, CRISTA, and CLAES.
Tangent Path: Model the transmission or radiance of a ray that
passes completely through the Earth's atmosphere but does not intersect the Earth. The path is specified by the tangent height, the
height at the point of closest approach to the surface. The pressure, temperature and vmrs of absorbing gases at each
altitude are chosen from a database of atmospheric states.
VMR: volume mixing ratio. The fractional number of molecules of a species in a volume.
Individual vmrs and their sum must be between 0 and 1.
If the vmrs sum to less than 1, the rest of the gas in the cell is assumed transparent.(Lineshapes for molecules with vmr less than 1 are air-broadened.)
Clicking this will display the data as text in a new browser window. Right-clicking will download the data file to your computer (recommended). These files can be extremely large depending on the spectrum simulated.
Clicking this will open a new browser window suitable for printing.
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To help ensure the availability of our servers, public use is limited to 50 calculations per day. Subscribe now for uninterrupted service. Subscribers also have access to advanced features such as large wavebands, multiple gases, choice of units, radiance spectra, logo-free high-resolution graphics, ascii data files, full tech support and much more.
Spectroscopy and remote sensing tools for researchers, teachers, and students
Subscribe now for full access to the Spectral Calculator tools.
Get priority use of advanced, state-of-the-art radiative transfer algorithms--the same ones used by NASA for many remote sensing missions. Subscribers gain access to large wavebands, multiple gases and cells, choice of units, radiance spectra, logo-free high-resolution graphics, data files, full tech support, and much more.
Temperature Offset: The model atmosphere (US_Standard, Tropical, etc.) determines the temperature, pressure and gas concentrations at each height in the atmosphere. To adjust the temperature from the model value, enter a temperature offset (from -50 to 50 K). The Atmosphere Browser tool displays the temperature profiles for the model atmospheres.
Atmosphere: An atmosphere contains profiles of temperature and gas concentrations at all altitudes. There are six system-supplied atmospheres for Earth and one for Mars. Custom atmospheres can be uploaded from the Atmosphere Browser.
Scale Factor for Gas Concentrations:
The model atmosphere (US_Standard, Tropical, etc.) determines the gas concentrations at each altitude. To adjust a gas concentration, choose a scale factor, from 0 to 1000. For example, to simulate an atmosphere with 20% more water vapor than the model, enter a scale factor of 1.2 for H2O. Note: while the model atmospheres are physically realistic, using large scale factors can produce unphysical situations where the gas abundance exceeds 100%. If this occurs, an error message will be displayed.
The atmosphere model (US_Standard, Tropical, etc.) determines the temperature, pressure and gas concentrations at each height in the atmosphere. To adjust a gas concentration, choose a scale factor other than 1 (from 0 to 1000). For example, to simulate a path with 20% more water vapor, use a scale factor of 1.2 for H2O. The Atmosphere Browser tool displays the temperature, pressure and gas mixing ratios for the model atmospheres..
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